The Brain

The brain consists of the hindbrain, the midbrain, the forebrain, and the cerebral cortex with the following regions and functions: Hindbrain Medulla: involuntary functions (breathing, heart rate, blood pressure), sensitive to damage (damage can lead to death) Cerebellum: motor functions, balance, damage causes ataxia Midbrain Ascending Reticular Activation System: active during sleep, filters sounds (unfamiliar […]

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Nervous System Overview

The Nervous System consists of the following branches/areas: The spinal cord consists of 4 regions and 31 vertebrae: Top 8 Cervical 12 Thoracic 5 Lumbar 5 Sacral 1 Coccygeal Bottom The higher the damage on the spinal cord, the more dangerous it is for the person. Lower damage causes paraplegia, while higher damage causes quadriplegia. […]

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