Antipsychotics

Antipsychotics are used to treat symptoms related to psychosis and Schizophrenia. Traditional/Conventional Antipsychotics Also known as Neuroleptics, these block Dopamine receptors, and are used to treat positive symptoms of Schizophrenia. Examples include Thorazine (Chlorpromazine), Mellaril (Thioridazine), and Haldol (Haloperidol). Side effects include Anticholinergic effects, Extrapyramidal effects, and Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome. Atypical/Novel Antipsychotics These act on […]

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Antidepressants

Antidepressants are used to treat clinical depression and other disorders. There are three types of antidepressants: SSRI’s TCA’s MAOI’s Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s) SSRI’s are used to treat depression, OCD, and eating disorders. The block the re-uptake of Serotonin, thereby increasing the amount of available Serotonin. They are safer than TCA’s due to less […]

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Mood Stabilizers

Mood stabilizers affect the re-uptake of Serotonin and Norepinephrine. They are used to treat Bipolar Disorder and seizures. These drugs include Lithium and anticonvulsant drugs like Depakote (Valproic Acid) and Tegretol (Carbamazepine). Side effects include: nausea, frequent thirst/urination, cognitive issues, and hand tremors

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Anxiolytics

Anxiolytics are anti-anxiety medications. They operate on the GABA receptors in the brain and increase GABA activity. Uses Benzodiazepines are used to treat anxiety disorders, seizures, and muscle spasms. Examples Benzodiazepines: Alprazolam (Xanax), Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), Diazepam (Valium) Ativan and Xanax are short-acting and have lower addiction potential. Valium and Klonopin are long-acting and have higher […]

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Beta Blockers

Beta blockers bind to, and block beta adrenergic receptors in the body. They inhibit the affects of epinephrine and norepinephrine on the sympathetic nervous system. Therefore, inhibiting the fight/flight/freeze response. Propranolol is the most commonly used beta blocker. Beta blockers have been used to treat hypertension, migraines, glaucoma, and phobias. They lower anxiety-related symptoms (fast heart beat, […]

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Stimulants

Stimulants are a class of drugs that enhance the activity of the nervous system. As a result, they enhance alertness and attention and reduce fatigue and hyperactivity. Uses Stimulants are prescribed to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Narcolepsy. Vyvanse is also used to treat Binge Eating Disorder. Examples Ritalin or Concerta (Methylphenidate): acts by increasing the […]

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