Developed by Carl Roger, client-centered (or person-centered) approach focuses primarily on the client and where they’re at. The goal is to help the person attain their innate tendency of self-actualization. This is done collaboratively with client as a partner in the process.

According to the theory, if there is incongruence between the self and the person’s experience, it will cause disorder within the self.

The essential goal of the therapy is to enhance client’s understanding of self. This also takes into consideration the self within the context of relationship with others.


Rogerian therapy requires three elements to be present:

  • Unconditional Positive Regard: the notion that the client needs to be accepted and supported without any judgment related to their problems.
  • Genuineness: the therapist needs to be genuine with the client with acceptance without evaluation and be able to have open communication.
  • Accurate Empathic Understanding: be able to empathize with the client through attentive listening and reflection of feelings like a mirror.